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Patterson, Robert. "History of the Ohio Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb." In Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893. Edward Allen Fay, ed. 3 volumes Washington, DC: Volta Bureau, 1893.

Page 26

benefit of the insane, blind, and deaf and dumb shall always be fostered and supported by the State." In 1854, just sixteen years after the school law was so amended as to make the school tax a State, instead of a county levy, thereby making the common schools more than ever a State institution, the Legislature passed a law, extended free education to all deaf children, rich and poor, thus destroying all distinctions of aristocracy and caste.

Domestic Department

When the Institution opened in 1829, the boarding department was committed to the charge of, to use the words of the Board, "a lady of suitable character, to whose care the female pupils may be confided with safety when not under the immediate care of the teacher." In pursuance of an agreement, all the pupils were boarded by the lady at $1.25 each per week, the furniture, fuel and candles being furnished by the Board. This arrangement remained in force until 1834 when the lady retired. The Principal then took charge of the boarding establishment, in addition to his duties in the class room. The Board's report says: "He furnishes board and lodging at a fixed price, by contract, per week, to every pupil; and this has been somewhat varied, according to the price of provisions, etc.; and has always been kept as low as the Board, in the exercise of their best judgment, believed to be a reasonable compensation. In this contract (it ought to be stated) it is stipulated that he shall furnish bedding, fuel, light, etc., at his own expense; the institution is at no expense on this account." In 1843, the appointment of a Steward was made. The Board's report says: "The appointment seems to perfect the domestic arrangements, by releasing the Superintendent from the duties of providing for the family, which had become arduous, and enabling him to direct his attention to many of the general matters of the establishment on which its respectability and usefulness depend. The Steward manages the boarding department, has particular care of the grounds and attends to the repairs of the buildings." The Board recommended altering the plan for the better by giving the Steward a salary, which was accordingly done, with the requirement of filing a bond for the faithful discharge of his duties. In 1880, the Steward was allowed the services of a clerk in his office, and in 1884, the office of Storekeeper was created.

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